Prijedor Municipality is geographically located in the northwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the entity of Republic of Srpska, on the banks of the river Sana and Gomjenica, and on Kozara mountain slopes that descend in Prijedor field.
The lowest point of elevation in Prijedor Municipality is 125 m, in the valley of Sana river and the highest point is 977 m on Kozara mountain. The average height above sea level is 274 m. Natural resources available in the Municipality are land, forests, water and mineral resources. The total area of Prijedor Municipality is 83 405 ha, of which agricultural land occupies 60.47% of the area.
According to the latest census conducted in 1991., in the area of Prijedor Municipality were registered 112 470 inhabitants. It estimated the area of Prijedor Municipality has a population of 110,000 inhabitants in 71 settlements (organized in 49 local communities), of which about half makes rural population.
Good geographical position of the Municipality of Prijedor, and construction of road and rail infrastructure, create opportunities for its further development. Prijedor Municipality has well traffic connection with other municipalities, regions and countries, so that products from this Municipality may soon find in the markets of most European countries.
Prijedor is the third largest city in the Republic of Srpska and belongs to a group of developed municipalities. Prijedor is the second largest city in the region of Banja Luka and center of Prijedor economic area that includes municipalities of Novi Grad, Kozarska Dubica, Kostajnica, Oštra Luka and Krupa na Uni.
Administrative division of Bosnia and Herzegovina includes two equal entities, Republic of Srpska (49% of the total territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina), the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51% of the total territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and the District of Brčko, which does not belong to any of the entities, a separate administrative unit over which institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina have the sovereignty.
Entities as administrative units have a high level of autonomy –have a president, parliament, government and the judiciary. In the beginning entities had all jurisdiction, today a large part of entity’s jurisdiction is transferred to the state level. Entities have jurisdiction in civil administration, health, education, police, urban planning and many other areas, while foreign policy, defense, border control, elections, foreign trade, fiscal, monetary policies, and some other areas are at the state level.
Equality of all three constituent peoples is guaranteed by Entity constitution.
Washington Agreement divided Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina into 10 cantons, which are considered as federal units within this entity. The cantons also have a high degree of autonomy - have its own assembly and government. The government has jurisdiction over health care, education, culture and sports, internal affairs and other areas related to civil administration.
The lowest level of the political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the municipalities. Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of 137 municipalities, 74 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 63 Republic of Srpska. Municipalities have a municipal council (municipal assembly), mayor with administrative services and departments. Each canton consists of several municipalities divided into communes.
Climate - weather conditions in Prijedor
Climate: moderately continental,
Minimal temperatures: -20 °C,
Maximal temperature: +40 °C.
The average annual temperature is 11°C. During the year, there are approximately 80 days with temperatures are above 25°C, 90 days with temperatures below 0°C. Approximately 200 days of heating season, when the temperature is under 12°C. The average number of sunny days per a year is 90.
The average amount of annual rainfall: 979 liters/m2. Snow falls on average 26 days and stay at ground about 45 days. Due to feature of this area and Sana river valley, there are approximately 80 days of fog during the year. The mean relative humidity ranges within 80% and natural disasters appear up to ten days annually (windstorms, hailstorms, etc).
Location of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the western Balkan Peninsula. According to recent estimates, the total population estimated about 3.9 million.
The total area of Bosnia and Herzegovina is 51 129 km2. Bosnia and Herzegovina borders with Croatia at the north, northwest and south (the total length of border: 932 km) with Serbia at the east (the total length of border: 357 km), and Montenegro at the southeast (the total length of border: 249 km). In the far south, Bosnia and Herzegovina has exit to the Adriatic Sea, a distance of 20 km (Neum Municipality).
Transport and communications
Good geographical position of the Prijedor Municipality, road and rail infrastructure creates opportunities for its further development.
Two main roads that pass through the territory of the Municipality and intersect in city area have a significant role in terms of transport, link Prijedor with other municipalities, regions and countries. The main road M4 Banja Luka - Prijedor – Novi Grad and the main road M15 Kozarska Dubica - Prijedor - Sanski Most are backbone of the transport network of the Prijedor Municipality at the moment.
The railway network functions throughout the Prijedor Municipality. Prijedor is connected to other cities, states by international trains to transport passengers and goods. International railway line Zagreb-Sarajevo, Prijedor-Ploče, link Prijedor Municipality with other European centers.
The highway Belgrade - Zagreb is located 58 km from the city center at the north-northeast, entrance to highway is in Novska (Croatia) through the border crossing Gradina (BiH) - Jasenovac (CRO). A newly built section of the highway Banja Luka - Gradiška is 45 km away from Prijedor. This highway opens up better communication and transport connection to the eastern part of RS and BiH, and an alternative route through the border crossing Gradiška (BiH) - Gradiška (CRO).
Also, in the direction east-west is planned building of Banja Luka-Prijedor-Novi Grad highway, which should be a link with corridor 5C through the planned highway Banja Luka-Doboj.